In order to understand why we need a root canal procedure, we need to understand a little more about the tooth structures. Once you understand the structure of the tooth, it becomes easier to understand why a root canal treatment is necessary.
Every teeth or tooth has 2 parts – the Crown and the Roots.
The crown is made up of three parts the outermost layer of the tooth is called enamel, then the middle layer is known as the dentine, and in the innermost part of the tooth is called the pulp/pulp chamber. The Roots outermost layer is made of cementum, the middle layer is the Dentine and innermost contains the nerves and blood vessels supplying the pulp chamber.
Dental decay or a cavity, Starts from the enamel, then spreads to the second layer – dentine and if it is left untreated it spreads into the pulp chambers affecting the nerves and the blood vessels spreading to the roots. In some cases, the infection may lead to abscess or sinus formation as well. This means you require root canal treatment.
In root canal treatment, the tooth’s pulp (composed of a nerve and supplies blood within the tooth) is removed from the pulp chamber as well as the roots. Once the infected pulp is removed, the center of the tooth, as well as the roots, is cleaned of all the pus or the remaining infected mucus. Then the roots and pulp chamber are refilled with a filling material. The tooth is sealed in a manner that it doesn’t get infected by the bacteria again.
Treatment Root canal treatment is done under Local Anesthesia making the treatment painless and you ready to back to your normal activities. Root canal treatment tends to makes the tooth weak hence it is advisable to get the tooth capped with a Crown.
Are your teeth sensitive to cold water or sweets or hot tea? This means you in trouble. Can you see black holes in your teeth/ broken teeth or your tooth has suffered an injury? Do you see pus discharge or swelling spreading into the gums? All these indications imply that you need a ROOT CANAL Treatment.
Traditionally, the Root canal Procedure used to take 3-4 sittings or sometimes even more. With the advancement in technology like using rotatory root canal treatment instruments and lasers, now 90% of the root canals can be completed in single sittings ranging from 45minutes to one hour or so. But sometimes Root canal treatments may require more than one sitting if there is an abscess or Sinus present.
With advancements in dentistry, laser assisted root canal treatment are gaining more popularity.
The use of lasers in cleaning and sterilizing the root canals can kill the harmful bacteria upto 10,000 times more effectively. This is due to the high energy and specific characteristics of the laser light used.
At Aesthetic smiles dental clinics, our root canal specialist routinely does highly assisted laser root canal treatment in teeth that have level of infections.
There are various factors that Govern the cost of root canal treatment such as the number of teeth to be treated, the quality of the teeth, the extent of the decay, the extent of the infection and many more such factors.
It also depends upon the experience of the dentist in Mumbai, whether it is done by a root canal specialist – Endodontist.
The Cost of root canal treatment in India may vary in different states but the average cost of single sitting root canal treatment in Mumbai varies between Rs.4000 to Rs.6000 per Tooth done by root canal specialist in Single sitting. Yet we can only give you the exact price after initial consultation and X-rays.